To create a unique and fashionable design in the room, use a bulk 3D floor covering. This is an unusual and modern alternative to parquet or laminate. To create it with your own hands is quite possible. To do this, you need to have minimal skills in construction and follow a clear algorithm of actions. How to make a 3-D floor with your own hands? Step-by-step instructions and nuances - further in our article.
So, what are these 3D floors? This is a seamless coating consisting of a canvas with an image and a polymer mixture. It consists of 4 parts. This is the base, base, patterned film or texture chips and protective layer.
Before stop choosing this type of finish, you need to consider that this is an expensive and long-term coating that will not work often to change. The room in which you plan to install a 3-D floor with your own hands should not be overloaded with decorative elements. It is necessary to think over the design in advance and choose the furniture so that it matches the floor and does not overlap important details of the image.
Selection of materials for work
To get a durable floor covering that will meet aesthetic requirements , you need to responsibly approach the choice of materials used. And for this you should determine where the floor is made and under what conditions it will be used.
Now in the construction market there is a large selection of dry mixes for the foundation. They are easy to use and cheaper than cement.
If the surface is slightly damaged, you can use thixotropic putty or any quick smoothing mixture. Give preference to quality products.
As a fill for the 3D floor, only polymer compositions are used. They are transparent and resistant to ultraviolet radiation. It contains two components: hardener and polymer. Suitable for both the main and the finishing layer.
Before buying, it is important to accurately calculate the consumption of the polymer mixture. The optical depth of the pattern depends on the thickness of the final coating. But applying too thick a layer without preparation will be difficult. The best way to fill the floor on your own is considered to be a finish coating with a thickness of 3 millimeters. Based on this, for processing 1 square meter you will need 4 kilograms of dry composition.
For the decorative layer use banners, vinyl films, individual elements - shells, stones. You can resort to the services of an artist and paint the surface with resistant polymer or acrylic paints. When choosing small piece material for decoration, special clay is additionally used to seal the voids between the parts.
It is considered expensive to make a 3D floor with your own hands when the finished images printed on fabric or banner paper are used for decoration. But you can save and process the picture yourself. To do this, you need the program "Photoshop" or any graphics editor.
When selecting images, they are guided by the following principles:
- Do not chase the fashion and give in to the momentary mood, as desire and trends quickly change.
- Choose unobtrusive pictures. A landscape is a great solution.
A correctly selected picture can visually increase the space and add light to a small dim room.
You need to take a picture of the room, where it is planned to install bulk 3-D floor with your own hands. The entire area of the room should fit in the camera lens. To do this, it’s more convenient to photograph while standing in the doorway.
Upload the photo to the program and overlay the selected image. It is important that it be of high quality. Connect the edges of the image to the floor so that it fits along the perimeter. Cut off all unnecessary and align in a rectangular shape. Edit the quality of the photo and send it to print.
Submit to print
The services of photo firms will be cheaper than buying a special image. But in order not to make a mistake, it is better to pre-order a black-and-white canvas on plain paper. Lay it out on the floor, and if the view is realistic, print a color image on the banner.
After selecting the basic materials for the device 3-D floor do-it-yourself tools are prepared:
- construction vacuum cleaner;
- needle and fur roller;
- grinding machine;
- mixer and drill with a special nozzle, for kneading mixtures;
- scalloped and even spatula;
- studded overlays for shoes;
What's next? How to make a 3-D floor with your own hands? You need to start with the preparation of the foundation. It depends on how long this floor will last.
Preparation of the base
If there is a screed, you need to evaluate its condition. Height differences, significant defects and cracks are not allowed. If the surface does not meet the requirements, it is necessary to perform a new screed.
If the old floor in the room is wooden, then the work begins with dismantling. To clear and level a surface. Coat all seams and potholes on the base plates. Then the subfloor is cleaned of dust and construction debris.
It is important not to allow horizontal slope. Otherwise, the polymer pouring process will become more complicated and the consumption of materials will increase. Sand the surface to remove any bumps. In conclusion, the finished base must be thoroughly vacuumed. It is better to use a construction vacuum cleaner, because the household will become unusable from cement dust.
For better adhesion of the first polymer layer to the base, a primer is applied. It is distributed using a soft roller or a large paint brush. It is necessary to cover the surface evenly, with a thin layer. Thoroughly smear the joints of the walls and floor.
This procedure should be performed twice. The second time you need to prime only after the first layer has dried. And then leave the room for at least one day.
Application of the base - instructions
A 3D floor is created with your own hands, starting from the base layer. The components are mixed in a suitable container with a mixer and nozzle to a uniform color and consistency. Manual preparation of such a solution will not work, because it will take a lot of time. And the mixture tends to solidify quickly.
When preparing a polymer solution, it is important to strictly observe all proportions. Otherwise, the composition may turn out to be liquid or, conversely, viscous. In both cases, this will adversely affect the strength and durability of the floor.
We need to work together on the fill, as the process is time-consuming. The minimum thickness of the layer is half a centimeter. If it is decided to make the base layer thicker, then beacons are additionally used, which are removed at the end of the work. The solution is distributed on the surface of the prepared base from the opposite angle from the front door and is leveled with a spatula. Pour the mixture in parts. Then, putting on kraskostoy, go through a studded roller. This procedure will remove all air bubbles.
Now the surface must be left to harden for a day. After complete drying, the evenness of the base layer is checked. When applying the polymer, all windows and doors in the room must be tightly closed. Otherwise, dust particles can get onto the coating.
Decorating with real elements
If the decoration is made from small details (for example, sand, shells or stones), you need to think about their placement in advance. All elements should be approximately the same in height. For bonding to the base will serve as a polymer mixture. It is applied in a single layer to a small area, after which the decorations are laid out. Then you can move on. When the decoration is complete, it remains to seal the holes with polymer clay and allow to dry.
Gluing the canvas
There are self-adhesive images for creating a 3-D floor with your own hands. Their use simplifies the execution of work. Gradually removing the protective film, the drawing is transferred to the surface and rolled with a roller.
The polymer composition is also used to glue the printed banner. The solution is quickly applied with a thin layer on the prepared base, then the canvas with the image is laid and leveled. To prevent the formation of bumps on the final coating, all excess air is removed at this stage. With a rubber roller, you need to roll the surface from the center of the room to the sides. And finally, all the excess is cut off with a very sharp (clerical) knife.
gh-quality acrylic paints are used for independent painting. When the drawing is completely dry, it is covered with a fixing transparent varnish.
The finishing layer is:
If the 3D floor will be mounted in the bathroom, then for the sake of safety it is worth choosing a rough surface .
The mixture for this layer is prepared in the same way as for the base one. Before pouring on the walls, height marks are drawn - reference points. You need to start work from the far corner, gradually moving towards the exit. Use a needle roller to remove air. Leave the floor to dry for two days. During this time, do not allow any contact with the surface, and ventilate the room. To make the 3D floor last longer, it is coated with colorless mastic. It happens:
Knowing the manual on how to make a 3D floor with your own hands step by step, it will not be superfluous to read about some of the nuances and advice of specialists:
- Buying a polymer mixture, do not save. It is better to give preference to high-quality, proven brands. Before going to the construction store, it is important to calculate the required amount of dry mix. Add another 10 percent to the result. This is done in order to have a margin when pouring the polymer composition.
- When mixing the mixture, be sure to strictly follow the instructions and use the balance. Even a slight deviation from the recommendations will make the final work ugly and poor-quality.
- When choosing a 3D-drawing, it is worth considering the size of the room for which the bulk floor is arranged. If the room is less than 10 square meters, the image will not be visible.
- Before proceeding with the filling of a new layer, you need to make sure that the previous one is completely dry. To do this, a day after application, you need to cover the surface with plastic wrap and wait another day. If water forms under it, it means that the floor is still not dry enough and you can’t proceed to the next step.
- During work, check that there is no debris, dust or other foreign objects on the floor.
- In order to avoid deformation and cracks, a damper tape is laid around the perimeter.
- Throughout the entire pouring process, the room temperature must be at least +10 degrees.
You can highlight a number of advantages of a 3-D floor created by yourself:
- the surface of the finished coating is smooth and perfectly even;
- the bulk floor does not have seams and joints (which means that debris, dust and moisture will not accumulate on it);
- due to the invulnerability to abrasion, the service life is more than a dozen years;
- The 3D floor is better than others for rooms with high humidity, as it has good waterproofing characteristics;
- the floor is practical and resistant to shocks and chips;
- materials used in the work , non-toxic and environmentally friendly;
- resistance to ultraviolet radiation;
- aesthetic appearance and a diverse choice for design decisions.
In addition to the advantages, there are some disadvantages of the 3D floor created by yourself:
- an expensive set of professional equipment for work;
- the complexity and complexity of creating a perfectly even coating ;
- the pouring and drying process takes a lot of time;
- increased requirements for care;
- high cost.
To bulk ol served long and look attractive, it needs regular maintenance. Every six months a special colorless mastic is applied. If the room is planned for repair, then the surface is covered with a film for protection. You need to wash it with special detergents, and then wipe it with a clean rag.
The article presents a photo of a 3D floor made with one's own hands. It is popular in modern design. It is made in residential and industrial premises.
You can simplify the process by hiring a specialized team, but it can cost a lot of money. At the same time, several days will have to endure the presence of strangers in your house. As an alternative, you can make a 3-D floor with your own hands. Step-by-step instructions were presented above.