The appearance of champagne is random. Specialists noticed that as the temperature rose into the room, some drinks began to ferment actively, and carbon dioxide dissolved in them, since there was nowhere to go. When a warm sparkling wine is opened, a small explosion occurs, which is caused by exploding bubbles.
Since experiments with wines took place in many cities and countries, there was confusion, after which a law was issued in which it was written that Champagne wines are called only those drinks that were produced in the province of Champagne. Other provinces of France no longer had the right to call their wines champagne, they were replaced by the definition of "sparkling."
In Spain, sparkling wines are called "Cava", in Germany - "Sekt", well, in Russia and in some other countries, the drink continues to be called “champagne”. Often this leads to some confusion when choosing a drink for a certain dish.
The production technology of champagne and sparkling wines is as different as grape varieties used as raw materials. The most commonly used varieties for the production of champagne are: pinot noir, pinot less, chardonnay. At the same time, grape varieties can be mixed in different proportions, which gives the drink great sophistication.
As a rule, slightly immature grapes are used for champagne, in which there is little sugar. Squeeze the juice and place in the barrels for fermentation. Secondary fermentation takes place in bottles. Winemakers carefully adhere to the technology.
Unlike champagne, sparkling wines are made from absolutely any grape variety, but they are more often used: chardonnay, aligote, riesling, pinot and blanc. Sparkling wines can be made by methods: champagne, Sharma, as well as by carbonation. The carbonation method is one of the cheapest, so the wine has a very low cost, but it also does not differ in the noble taste.
In addition, champagne wines differ in aging time. When the first ones withstand about 18 months, the second ones are ready to drink after 15. Actually, the aging time of some wines can be either longer or shorter.
Low-quality sparkling wines are made from second-class grapes, and sometimes even from defective pressure, so they have a not very pleasant taste, a weak game of bubbles, nondescript color. Despite the fact that many of them meet the requirements of GOST, they are not always distinguished by safety. The use of low-quality alcoholic beverages leads to serious poisoning.
You can always buy the best champagne and sparkling wines in the ABC of Taste chain of stores. We have available both elite and conventional drinks at affordable prices. We monitor the products sold, with particular attention to each product. Buying from us, you can be sure that the drinks meet all the necessary requirements, have an unsurpassed taste, aroma, as well as the play of bubbles, which is especially important for true gourmets.