Cladding panels for interior wall decoration: types, characteristics, installation methods, photo

31.08.2019 House, Repair
Cladding panels for interior wall decoration: types, characteristics, installation methods, photo

Repairing is a serious and difficult task. For its successful completion, you need to think over a lot of details at the planning stage. Currently, the building market offers various cladding panels for interior wall decoration. How to choose decorative materials that are easy to assemble and safe to use?


Manufacturers offer cladding panels for interior decoration of the walls of three modifications. Materials vary in technical and operational characteristics. Each type is selected taking into account the features of the repaired premises.

Cladding panels for interior wall decoration are structural elements used to create walls and partitions. Thanks to the decoration with such materials, the standard room can be made warm and cozy.

Cladding panels for interior wall decoration appeared on the construction market relatively recently, but were already able to occupy their niche, find fans among the property owners. Materials significantly speed up and simplify repair work, make it possible to create an original interior in a room. Let us analyze the main types of decorative panels that are presented on the modern construction market.

Slatted typesetting materials

This wall cladding panel has the following characteristics:

  • the length ranges from 2.4-3.7 m;

  • the width is from 12.5 to 30 cm;

  • the thickness reaches 10 mm.

In the manufacture of rails, manufacturers use PVC, fiberboard, MDF, chipboard. Most often, rack panels are used in rooms with a significant number of external and internal corners.

TipTo achieve a high-quality installation of rivers, you can first make a crate of metal profiles or wooden beams in the room, and then fasten the finishing materials.

Cladding panels for interior decoration, made in the form of battens, give the room a special flavor.

Installation is carried out in two ways:

  • spike and groove;

  • groove.

Manufacturers offer additional elements, thanks to which you can hide the joints between the rails, give the wall an aesthetic appearance.

Sheet panels

Such cladding panels for interior decoration are large (length - 244 cm, width - 122 cm, thickness - 0.6 cm). They are made of fiberboard, PVC, pre-impregnating the base with polymer resins. Use this finishing material to decorate large areas. The product has a multilayer structure. The front surface is attached to any pattern, imitating, for example, natural wood. Installation of products is carried out using special glue.

Finishing plates

The products have a square shape, are offered in two standard sizes:

  • 98 x 98cm;

  • 30 x 30 cm.

Using the plates you can put into practice the original design solutions. The combination of materials of different colors gives the interior of the apartment (house) a modern look.

The panels are fastened with clamps (metal strips with clips) to the crate or glue directly to the wall. The plates are interconnected by a special locking method, which gives the surface not only an aesthetic appearance, but also additional strength. The basis of this finishing material are: PVC, Particleboard, MDF.

Advantages of decorative panels

Why do many craftsmen prefer to choose cladding panels for interior wall decoration? There are a lot of types of such materials in the construction market. Main advantages:

  • long operational life;

  • ease of maintenance;

  • security;

  • ease of installation;

  • wide color gamut;

  • universality of application;

  • reasonable price.


Despite the rather impressive list advantages, decorative panels have some negative characteristics. Before using them, it is advisable to withstand them for a while in the room in which the finishing work will be carried out.

For example, wooden wall cladding panels, previously laid in the room, will have a longer service life. Ignoring this action is a direct way to reduce the operating period.


This material has long been used for interior wall cladding. At first, the panels were made from an array, so they had a high cost. Nowadays, you can buy wooden composite panels at affordable prices.

The decorative layer of such materials is made up of valuable wood species. The layer is applied on a spruce or pine base. Innovative technologies made it possible to produce cladding panels for interior decoration of high-quality walls from waste from woodworking production (wood chips, sawdust).

Among the fashion trends of recent seasons, there is also an imitation of expensive wood species using cladding panels. Such decoration is appropriate in any room. Despite the fact that PVC cladding panels are offered on the construction market, many designers still prefer to use cladding with natural wood for interior wall decoration, emphasizing the status of the property owner.

Fiberboard and particleboard

These decorative materials have a fairly low cost. Wood-fiber and wood-particle boards bring heat into the room to be designed, increase its sound insulation. What should I pay attention to?

In the manufacture of particleboard and fiberboard, manufacturers use formaldehyde resins, so these materials are not suitable for rooms with high humidity (kitchens and bathrooms). It is not recommended to use them for decorating walls in a children's room.


At present, quite often masters use MDF cladding panels for interior decoration of walls in residential premises. Phenol-formaldehyde resins in these materials are replaced by plant lignin. That is why MDF cladding panels for interior wall decoration are used even in children's rooms. Products differ in durability, long service life, resistance to moisture differences. They are easy to install, easy to maintain, and safe for human health.

Manufacturers varnish such products, veneered with valuable wood species, laminate, cover with special water-repellent compounds. The material is able to withstand significant loads, so bookshelves and heavy paintings can be mounted on the walls. Currently, such decorative panels are more often used in office decoration, choosing more refined decor options for home interiors. Installation of MDF cloth involves the use of additional strips, platbands, corners, painted in tone with the panel itself.

Glass finish

This version of the finishing materials is quite new in the construction market. Resistance to moisture and ultraviolet rays brought him popularity. Installing a glass panel in the bathroom is a stylish and practical solution. Some designers clad glass aprons on the kitchen apron, giving the space originality.


The cheapest materials are plastic cladding panels. The interior decoration of the walls of the bathroom, the corridor can be done exactly from these products. In the modern construction market, a huge range of PVC materials of different colors, patterns is presented. What are the distinguishing characteristics of PVC panels?

They are resistant to moisture changes, withstand UV radiation, have a low weight. Among the few drawbacks of plastic panels, one can single out their inability to pass air. In a room whose walls are decorated with PVC panels, humidity rises.

That is why designers recommend refraining from using plastic panels in the bedroom, living room, choosing alternative to more natural and environmentally friendly materials. An interesting solution would be the combination of PVC with other types of decor. Such facing panels are suitable for interior decoration of kitchen walls.

how to decorate the walls

3D panels

This decor is considered the trend of the last season. With the help of volumetric mosaics created on the basis of glass, plastic, gypsum, wood, the room can be given an elegant and unique look. The materials chosen by the manufacturer to create the 3D panel can be natural, therefore they do not cause allergic reactions.

Finished coatings are easy to maintain and maintain their original appearance for a long time. This decoration option is suitable for bedrooms, living rooms. 3D panels will help parents create the feeling of a real fairy-tale palace in the children's room.

The panels are resistant to moisture, do not deform during operation.

Tip. For a corridor, a “brick-like” facing panel is an excellent solution. For interior decoration of the kitchen walls, you can choose materials with ornaments.

Features of the use of wall panels

Professionals highlight some of the pros and cons of using wall panels from various materials for interior decoration. They should be given special attention before proceeding with the repair. Let's start with the advantages of these decorative products.

Many apartment owners prefer to use plastic wall panels to decorate the corridor. Cladding materials of this kind attract low cost, a variety of drawings and colors, ease of installation, ease of maintenance during operation.

Due to the variety of textures, a variety of colors, the owner of the room has excellent opportunities to bring to life the most unexpected design ideas. Among the advantages of wall panels can be noted the possibility of alignment with their walls. There is no need to carry out laborious procedures related to plastering.

What are the disadvantages of choosing panels for decorating walls inside a living room? If you plan to install rails (plates) on the crate, the area of ​​the room will decrease. This is not essential for spacious rooms, but for small spaces, designers recommend choosing different decor options, or attaching panels directly to the walls (without frame).

Bamboo products

They are used by designers to decorate living spaces in ethnic, African style. Attracts masters original appearance and lightness of the material. Among the distinctive characteristics of bamboo slabs, we note their resistance to humidity changes, unusual appearance.

Renewing the living room

This room is the heart of the house not only for numerous guests, but also for the households themselves. That is why designers pay close attention to the selection of decorative materials for the walls of the living room. The design must match the style and size to get a complete and harmonious image.

When choosing the color of the panels, the following parameters should be taken into account:

  • the size of the window openings and the intensity of natural light ;

  • furniture color, upholstery material;

  • selected interior style;

  • room size.

To decorate the living rooms, whose windows face the sunny side, you can use voluminous MDF panels in turquoise or blue. When arranging windows on the dark (north) side, it is important to additionally fill the living room with warmth and light. Professionals offer to solve the problem with the help of MDF panels in yellow, red, orange. PVC is not suitable for decorating walls in the living room, plastic products are best used for bathrooms and corridors.

looks like a brick cladding panel for interior decoration

Decorating bathrooms

This is a room with high humidity, so you need to responsibly approach the selection of materials for the walls of the bathroom. Natural materials are far from the best option for its repair. Professionals recommend PVC products that have not only excellent decorative characteristics, but also resistance to high humidity.

What is the reason for the popularity of PVC panels? This decorative material attracts with ease of installation, ease of care, affordable cost. Thanks to PVC materials, you can create additional partitions, arches inside the bathroom, and perform zoning of the space. Let us dwell on several types of PVC products offered on the modern market of building materials:

  • panels with a thickness of 5-8 mm rectangular and elongated (with a lock structure, a decorative seam, without a visible transition) ;

  • PVC tiles of square or rectangular shape in different sizes (with connecting spikes, without a locking mechanism);

  • PVC lining .

The designers consider the second option an excellent alternative to ceramic tiles. They have a similar appearance, but much lighter, as well as cheaper ceramic products.

PVC lining resembles natural wood panels. The length of the products reaches 6 meters. Using these materials, you can decorate the walls in the bathroom "under the tree", fastening the products together using a castle design. These decorative materials are convenient for decorating long walls, contribute to the visual expansion of the space in the sanitary room.

Designers often use cladding panels in their work. They perform interior decoration of the walls of the bathroom with PVC sheet materials, having a texture with imitation of tiles or mosaics. Manufacturers also offer models with plot illustrations, natural landscapes, “brick-like”, “stone-like”. A distinctive feature of such materials is the absence of locking systems, so the panels are attached to the joint joint by joint. Ease of installation, excellent aesthetic characteristics, speed of work - the advantages of using PVC panels.

Tip. If your bathroom has even walls, the panels can be mounted directly to the wall, saving space.

To summarize

In the modern construction market, various decorative materials for walls are presented. When choosing such products, you need to use not only personal preferences, but also the features of the premises, the chosen style, material capabilities. Despite the fact that there are a lot of differences between decorative panels, such products have common features.

Depending on the characteristics of the material, it is important to choose the right option for attaching it to the wall. For example, when using fiberboard or MDF panels, glue is used. It must be applied to the entire surface of the product, then you can apply the panel to the wall.

The crate is considered by professionals to be far from the most reliable option for decorating the walls. To increase the strength, it is advisable to use additional mechanical elements or refuse to attach heavy objects to the finished surface.



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