How to bake Armenian matnakash bread at home

01.09.2019 Food, Recipe
How to bake Armenian matnakash bread at home

Matnakash is Armenian white yeast bread, which is a thick oval or round tortilla with a firm golden crust and airy crumb. On top there are several longitudinal grooves that are pulled with fingers. It was from this that he got his name: “matnakash” in translation from Armenian means “outstretched with fingers”. It is believed that this national Armenian bread has no analogues and is one of a kind. Sometimes called matnakash lavash, but this is a completely different product. Armenian pita bread is a very thin cake made from unleavened dough.

About the matnakasha

The traditional matnakash was baked in the oven tonira, which were equipped in the floor in the dwelling. The walls of the toners were laid out with stone. Pellets stuck to the walls of the oven and were taken out when they were ready.

Wheat flour is used, as a rule, to prepare Armenian cakes. The dough is made using acidic sourdough in different ways - using two- or three-stage technology. Pellets with grooves are formed from it, covered, allowed to rise, then sent to the oven. The bread should be soft, elastic, airy, with large holes in the crumb.

matnakash Armenian bread at home

Matnakash may vary shape, number and location of grooves. It is round, oval and elongated. Grooves can be located both along and across.

In modern conditions, you can bake matnakash in the oven. The principle of preparation is one, although the methods of baking may vary slightly. Next are a few recipes for matnakasha.

With flour infusion

What you need:

  • 0.5 kg of wheat flour (230 g on dough, per the main batch is 270 g).
  • A teaspoon of dried yeast.
  • Half a teaspoon of sugar.
  • One and a half teaspoon of salt.
  • 250 ml of water.

To make flour, you need 150 ml of water and 30 g of flour.

matnakash recipe

How to bake Armenian matnakash bread at home:

  1. First you need to make a dough for the matnakash. To do this, dry yeast is dissolved in 250 ml of warm water, then pour out 230 g of flour and mix. Leave the dough for three hours.
  2. After 3-3.5 hours, when a lot of bubbles appear in the dough, add salt, sugar and the rest of the flour to it and knead the dough. Leave it to come in a warm place for another three hours.
  3. Prepare the infusion of flour. To do this, in a suitable bowl, combine 150 ml of water and 30 g of flour, put on fire and heat until thickened, then cool.
  4. Divide the finished dough in half, roll each half into a bowl and leave it under a towel on 15 minutes.
  5. Moisten your fingers in a flour infuser and stretch each bowl into a flat cake, draw a groove along the circumference, then parallel grooves inside the flat cake. Leave the blanks for half an hour.
  6. Preheat the oven to maximum temperature. Before you put the bread in the oven, go through the grooves moistened with flour tea leaves.
  7. Bake the matnakash for 20-25 minutes at the highest temperature with steam. To organize the steam, you need to put a container of water at the bottom of the oven.

The homemade Armenian matnakash bread is no worse than purchased.

With sesame seeds

What you need:

  • 400 g flour.
  • A glass of water.
  • A teaspoon of sugar.
  • Half a teaspoon of salt.
  • One third of a teaspoon of fresh yeast.
  • Two tablespoons of vegetable oil.
  • Yolk egg for greasing.
  • Sesame.
oven matnash

How to cook:

  1. Crushed fresh yeast, put in a bowl, add water at room temperature, add sugar and flour. Then pour in vegetable oil and salt.
  2. Knead the dough so that it does not stick to your hands, they need to be greased with vegetable oil. Put the dough in a bowl, tighten with cling film, cover with a towel and leave to rise for an hour and a half.
  3. After this time, knead the dough and let it come up again. Then make a second wrap, sprinkle it with flour, put on a towel and leave for 15 minutes. After that, the dough will be ready to work.
  4. Cover the baking sheet with parchment, grease it, put the dough on it and form an oval or round cake from it with your hands. Use your fingers to push the furrow along the circumference to form a ring. Insert several parallel grooves inside the ring. Stretch the cake to the sides so that it becomes flatter. Cover it with cling film and let stand a little.
  5. Before putting in the oven, grease the matnakash with yolk and sprinkle with sesame.
  6. Heat the oven to 220-250 degrees, send bread to it and bake for about 20 minutes until the crust appears.

The finished cake should turn out soft inside, but with a crispy hard crust.

With sour cream

At home, Armenian matnakash bread can be prepared in various ways, for example, add a little sour cream to the dough.

What you need:

  • 550 g flour.
  • 10 g yeast.
  • Two tablespoons of sour cream.
  • Two tablespoons of vegetable oil.
  • 400 ml of water.
  • 12 g of salt.
  • 20 g of sugar.

How to cook:

  1. Lightly heat half a glass of water, add sour cream and sugar, then gradually mix yeast and mix everything.
  2. Put the dough in a warm place for about 20 minutes. When it begins to fall, it is ready for further work.
  3. Sift flour and salt into a large bowl, make deepening in it, pour dough into it and the remaining water (heated).
  4. Raking flour from the edges, knead the dough. If the dough turns out too steep, you need to add more water.
  5. Put the dough on the table and knead it for about 20 minutes, after having greased your hands with vegetable oil. When the dough becomes elastic and sticks to your hands, form a ball out of it, grease it with oil, put in a bowl, cover and place in a warm place to rise. It will take at least an hour. The dough should increase in volume by three times.
  6. Put the finished dough on the table, knead again with your hands and cut into two halves.
  7. Put one half on the baking sheet covered with parchment and stretch it by hand to make an oval cake about a half centimeter thick.
  8. Make a groove with your fingers along the perimeter and a few grooves in the middle. Cover with a damp towel, leave for 15 minutes to rise. After that, grease the surface of the cake with a mixture of vegetable oil and water and draw grooves again.
  9. Put the matnakash in a very hot oven (to the maximum) and bake for 10 to 20 minutes (depending on how the oven is heated) . You need to focus on the appearance of a golden crust.
  10. Sprinkle the finished bread with water, cover with a towel and start baking the second tortilla.

Stuffed matnakash

To cook the stuffed matnakash, the following ingredients will be needed:

  • Boiled pork.
  • Fresh tomato.
  • Hard cheese.
  • Fresh champignons.
  • Sweet pepper.
  • A little sour cream.
  • Salt.
  • Garlic.
  • Ground pepper.
  • Parsley fresh.
  • Tomato spicy sauce.

The preparation of the dish is very simple:

  1. Mushrooms should be cut into medium slices and fry until golden brown on vegetable oil.
  2. Cut the flat cake in half along. Grease the lower part with sour cream, then tomato sauce. On top of the sauce lay mushrooms, chopped boiled pork, bell peppers, tomatoes. Salt, pepper, sprinkle with grated cheese. Cover the top of the tortillas.
  3. Put the matnakash in the oven, heated to 200 degrees, and bake for 15 minutes.
  4. Prepare the mixture from olive oil, crushed garlic, chopped parsley, salt and pepper. Take the matnakash from the oven, immediately put the prepared mixture on it and serve it on the table.


Now you know how to cook Armenian matnakash bread at home. Its features are a crispy golden crust, a porous crumb and characteristic grooves.



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