Let's look at a simple example. It’s hard to believe, but the combination of the above “scary” letters with water, fructose, glucose, sucrose and chlorogenic acid is nothing more than ... the most ordinary freshly squeezed apple juiceHere are just the ingredients that make up it, not written down in words, but using a special index and the number assigned to them.

Contrary to popular belief, the E marking is not a designation of dangerous or prohibited components. In contrast, the E index, derived from the word “Europe”, is evidence of the registration of a food additive in the European registry. Nutritional supplements enter this register only after many long trials, studies and tests for carcinogenicity, toxicity and allergenicity. And these letters were introduced in order to avoid long chemical names. Therefore, when studying the composition of a product or a drink on a label, keep in mind that most often manufacturers use cryptic codes solely to save space on the package. Although sometimes manufacturers indicate the full names of the components that make up the product so as not to mislead customers who do not yet know that nothing dangerous is hidden behind the E-ingredients.

It is important to note that make a food supplement in the registry of permissions just won't work. Its application must be justified, and safety - confirmed by the authorities responsible for food safety in the country. Therefore, various food additives, for example, acids (citric - E330, ascorbic - E300, phosphoric - E338, etc.), natural dyes (caramel color - E150, curcumin - E100, beta-carotene - E160a, etc.) are long-known and proven components. They have been used for many decades to make food tastier and more attractive.

The same goes for soft drinks. Manufacturers may add permitted food colors, acids and other ingredients to sweet soda. And behind all these names in the composition of the drinks are hidden multiple components that have passed various checks several times. So E150 - a natural dye caramel - in simple terms, is a burnt sugar. This colorant can give a drink a hue from light straw to deep dark brown, as, for example, in drinks like cola. And E338, orthophosphoric acid, discovered back in the 17th century, is used in the manufacture of carbonated drinks to give them a spicy “sourness.”

" Sometimes preservatives are used in the production of sweet soda - food additives designed to increase shelf life and preserve the quality of the product by protecting it from microbial spoilage, ”explains Professor Yuri Tyrsin, Vice-Rector for Research at MGUPP, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. The most common are sorbic and benzoic acids (E200 and E210). It is interesting that sorbic acid was isolated from the juice of mountain ash in 1859 and is still actively used in the production of various food products, for example, to ensure long-term and safe storage of slightly salted fish, granular caviar, dairy products (cottage cheese), salads, etc. .d.

Of course, some manufacturers dispense with the use of preservatives. “Ensuring high standards of sanitation, careful microbiological quality control of raw materials and the use of modern bottling and pasteurization technologies allow us to ensure the quality, safety and shelf life of soft drinks without the use of preservatives. For example, preservatives are not used in the production of such a popular drink as Coca-Cola, ”the expert says.

It turns out that the E index in the list of ingredients on the packaging of a food product is not at all scary. The main thing is to carefully read the information on the product etiquette and not be afraid of unfamiliar characters, because if they are part of popular and widespread products or drinks, it means that they have passed all kinds of checks, are legally permitted and cannot pose a danger to our health.

Material prepared with information support from TCCC.