Inflammation of the head and inner portion of the foreskin of the penis is called balanoposthitis in medical practice. This is a common problem, the causes of which, as a rule, are a fungal or bacterial infection. Inflammation can be caused by the multiplication of fungi of the genus Candida, staphylococcus, streptococcus. Pathogenic microorganisms can be infected through unprotected sexual contact or due to neglect of personal hygiene rules.
Causes of inflammation
Inflammation of the glans penis is a pathological process that is mostly triggered by contact with the pathogen unprotected intercourse with an infected partner. A man may develop candidiasis, streptococcal or staphylococcal infection caused by pathogenic bacteria. But in some cases, inflammation can develop only against the background of a weakened immune defense and the body's resistance to infections. Then the pathogen is non-pathogenic bacteria, which began to multiply actively.
The inflammatory process can develop against the background of hypovitaminosis, metabolic disorders substances and the diseases provoked by this (for example, diabetes mellitus), seasonal immunodeficiency. Causes of penile inflammation can be anatomical defects (for example, phimosis). Often cause pathology of genital injury. As a rule, inflammation of the penis in a child is caused just by neglect hygiene rules or inability to properly carry out hygiene procedures.
Improper hygiene leads to the accumulation of smegma around the frenum and head between the skin of the foreskin, which acts as a favorable environment for the development of many pathogenic microorganisms. As a result, skin inflammation of the penis between the head and the inside is diagnosed a piece of foreskin.
Sometimes balanoposthitis can develop with vaginal dysbiosis in a sexual partner. If a man encounters the disease regularly, then the examination needs to be passed to both partners, because prolonged inflammation can lead to a decrease in sensitivity. In advanced cases, the disease passes to the urethra. As a result, urethritis develops.
Symptoms of balanoposthitis
Inflammation of the penis can be of varying intensity. Symptoms vary depending on the stage of the disease. At first, a man may simply complain of discomfort when touched. Often there is a burning sensation, itching and pain in the foreskin and head of the penis. Then the skin turns red, the foreskin swells, which greatly complicates the exposure of the head.
When inflammation develops, on skin may appear small sores and cracks, sometimes they bleed. Pus may accumulate around the head and along the Uzbek woman. Pus may be released from the urethra if inflammation has spread to the urethra. In this case, the urination process is also disturbed, the separation of urine may be accompanied by itching and burning.
Inflammation of the head of a member negatively affects the quality of sexual life and relationships between partners. Intercourse causes discomfort, the duration of sex is reduced, premature ejaculation is characteristic.
Stages of the disease
With a simple form inflammatory process in the patient, the inner sheet of the foreskin and the head of the penis redden and swell. Sites of erosion may occur, with purulent discharge, which have clear boundaries. The patient complains of pain and burning during sex or during urination, skin irritation occurs.
Erosive balanoposthitis is characterized by the appearance on the skin of small areas of keratinized epithelium. These areas are first white. Subsequently, they turn into bright red ulcers with clear edges, purulent discharge appears. Inguinal lymph nodes are enlarged. Sometimes due to edema of the foreskin, phimosis develops.
The most severe form of the disease is gangrenous. In this case, severe edema and redness of the foreskin develops, as a result of which phimosis occurs. Deep ulcers form on the skin. Big complains of weakness and fever. Regeneration of necrotic sites is very slow.
In cases where balanoposthitis develops due to diabetes or is caused by infections transmitted through sexual contact, and treatment is not done on time, the disease can become chronic.
Types of balanoposthitis
Inflammation of the penis can be infectious or non-infectious. Infectious is caused by active reproduction of pathogens. The most common causes are chlamydia, candida, gonococcus, ureaplasma, Trichomonas, gardnerella, mycoplasma, HPV or the herpes virus. Syphilitic balanoposthitis causes pale treponema. The infectious process usually begins to spread rapidly to other organs, which complicates the patient’s condition.
Rare diseases of autoimmune etiology can cause inflammation of the penis or isolated lesion of the foreskin. This is lichen planus, pemphigus, psoriasis, Reiter's syndrome. Inflammation of the penis can be allergic in nature, including the discharge from the partner's vagina.
Diagnosis of the disease
The differential diagnosis of balanoposthitis is extremely important in order to exclude syphilis. For this purpose, seeding of secretions is performed to identify pale treponema and a patient's blood is tested for antibodies to the causative agent of syphilis. To determine the causative agent of the infection, purulent discharge from the head is sown in differential diagnostic traces in a medical laboratory.
Treatment of inflammation
The treatment of penis inflammation is carried out with the help of antibacterial drugs, to which pathogenic microorganisms detected by the results of the analyzes are sensitive. An uncomplicated form of the disease can be successfully treated with folk remedies that have a pronounced anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect. Such agents have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects, and also contribute to the accelerated regeneration of the affected mucosa.
Compliance with hygiene rules
During treatment and beyond, personal hygiene should be carefully monitored to prevent relapse. It is important to wash the head and foreskin several times a day with an antiseptic and decoctions of herbs. This measure may be sufficient if balanoposthitis is detected at an early stage. For more severe forms of the disease, pharmacy ointments-antiseptics will be required.
Vitaminization of the body
The development of inflammation of the penis in a boy or adult man may indicate insufficient immune defense of the body. Treatment will be effective if you increase the body's resistance to infectious pathogens. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen immunity in parallel. For this purpose, vitamin complexes are prescribed. You can also drink medicinal decoctions to enhance the body's resistance. It is necessary to engage in feasible sports and normalize nutrition. You should stop smoking and drink alcohol in strictly recommended quantities.
Inflammation of the penis in a child is usually treated with folk remedies, but therapy can only be carried out after the approval of the attending physician. Before using any means, the penis should be washed under running water. For washing for therapeutic purposes, decoctions of sage, yarrow, oak bark, chamomile, nettle, St. John's wort are used.
Aloe leaves are actively used in the treatment of penis inflammation. The plant must be at least two years old. The leaves are well washed under running water, cleaned of bark and prickly pruned. From the pulp of the sheet you need to make gruel, which is applied to the affected areas in the form of a compress. Treatment is recommended to continue until the symptoms disappear. The minimum course is one week.
Fresh plantain will help. The fresh leaf is washed with soap, slightly kneaded and applied as a compress to the skin for thirty minutes. Such compresses need to be done twice a day. Treatment should be continued until the symptoms of the disease disappear. The healing potion is prepared from calendula flowers. Four and a half tablespoons of dry raw materials are poured into a glass of olive oil. The mixture must be tightly closed with a lid and insisted for three weeks. Then the composition is filtered through cheesecloth, and the resulting oil is used to treat the affected areas of the head of the penis.
Effective against the inflammatory process of sage. Two tablespoons of dry raw materials are poured with half a liter of boiling water and insisted for 30 minutes. Then the broth needs to be filtered. In the resulting composition, you need to moisten sterile gauze and put compresses for fifteen to twenty minutes. Chamomile also helps. Two tablespoons of dried flowers need to be crushed and pour two tablespoons of boiling water. After cooling, the gruel is applied to a clean piece of cotton wool or gauze, and then applied to the damaged area for twenty minutes.
Blackcurrant helps with inflammation of the penis, and it is also an effective tool to increase immunity. In one glass of boiling water, two tablespoons of blackcurrant leaves are brewed (previously chopped), insisted for fifteen minutes, and then passed through cheesecloth. Such a decoction is recommended to drink two to three times a day instead of tea. You can eat fresh or frozen berries at the same time. Can be sweetened with sugar or honey. This is a tool for combating infectious diseases of various etiologies.
Another tool is a decoction of burdock. Two tablespoons of the crushed root of the plant is filled with half a liter of water and brought to a boil. You need to simmer the product in a water bath for thirty minutes, and then wait for cooling and strain. Two glasses of broth are drunk during the day several times. The next day you need to prepare a new tool. Treatment lasts one to two weeks until the symptoms of balanoposthitis disappear.
Aspen bark is quite effective. A tablespoon of crushed raw materials is poured into a glass of clean water and kept on low heat for ten minutes. Then the composition is filtered. Use one tablespoon of broth three times a day when cooled.
Hygiene is the best preventative measure against penis inflammation. A photo showing what the organ looks like in the advanced stage of the disease is not for the faint of heart, so it’s better not to bring it to that state. Every day you need to rinse the penis, as well as without fail before and after sexual contact. It is advisable to use soap for this procedure, but you can limit yourself to water or special napkins for intimate hygiene.
It is especially necessary to rinse the area along the bridle, because smegma accumulates there, as a result of which a favorable environment is formed for the active reproduction of bacteria (in including pathogenic microflora). It is important to change underwear daily, and choose underwear from natural materials.
Restraint in sexual intercourse
Pathogens can be transmitted through unprotected sexual contact. It is advisable to have a permanent partner, that is, to abandon random relationships. Barrier contraceptives, that is, condoms, should be used because other contraceptives protect against pregnancy but do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
In order for the body to effectively resist infections, it is necessary to maintain immunity. To do this, it is useful to take a course of immunomodulating drugs or use appropriate folk remedies. To restore immunity, you need to give up smoking and drinking alcohol, move more and be in the fresh air, play sports and temper, eat right.