Pathologies of newborns: types and causes

31.08.2019 Baby
Pathologies of newborns: types and causes

Moms who do not understand much in medicine often cannot figure out how the injuries at birth in a child and the pathology of newborns differ. Of course, in both cases we are talking about diseases of varying severity, but their causes of development are completely different.

Differences between birth injuries and pathologies

Birth injuries are the health problems in a child that have occurred due to difficult births, mistakes of medical personnel or mom herself. Damage can be of any and any severity, from hematomas to dislocation of the shoulder.

Defect of the newborn is deeper damage, which is not immediately diagnosed. The reasons for these may be completely different factors. Some of these include problems with the central nervous system, with the development of organs and systems, chromosomal mutations. If we consider the classification of such pathologies, we can distinguish those that occurred due to genetic disorders, and those that were acquired.

pathology of newborns

Chromosomal pathology of the fetus

One of the most common pathologies is Down syndrome. There have been more and more cases of birth of sick children in recent times. Unfortunately, there are no preventive measures for this disease. Often, healthy parents give birth to sick children, and scientists still cannot say exactly why this happens.

However, you can find out about this pathology of newborns in the first half of pregnancy. Screening is done for this. After a woman finds out about this, she can make a choice: leave the child or get rid of him. This is a personal decision of each girl, so you should not blame him. Be sure, if there are such prerequisites for problems, the mother's history is studied. Pathologies of newborns are sometimes transmitted by a hereditary factor.

Girls may develop Shereshevsky-Turner disease. This disease is unique to girls. Often find him in 10 years. It is accompanied by the fact that a slight degree of retardation develops, as well as infertility. The disease is characterized by the absence of one type X chromosome.

The pathology of newborn boys is Kleinfelter's disease. It is manifested by high growth and lack of ability to have children. It is characterized by the presence of the 47th chromosome.

In addition to these diseases, there are a number of diseases that develop due to problems with the chromosomes, but those described are most common.

pathology of premature babies

Prevention of chromosomal problems

There are two options that will allow you to not have sick children. The first of these is the consultation of a specialized doctor before pregnancy. The second option is screening at a specific gestational age. You can’t delay it, because after the time runs out, the answers will be incorrect. Therefore, the study must be done strictly when the doctor says. After that, you can decide what to do with the child if it turns out that he is sick.

pathology of newborns and premature babies

" Acquired "pathologies

Doctors are already tired of repeating to every woman that they must prepare for their pregnancy. At least a few months before conception, it is worthwhile to undergo an examination, determine if there are any diseases, chronic ones into a state of remission, acute ones can be cured. Be sure to get tested by a geneticist. Forget about your bad habits. Treat pregnancy with maximum responsibility. It is important to visit the doctor on time, constantly tell him about your well-being and take the tests that he will write. Do not forget about the recommendations. Pathologies of newborns and premature babies often arise due to the fact that a woman neglects both herself and the baby during pregnancy.

Organ formation

Organ formation due to severe stress or a large load may break. Most often, the heart, kidneys, lungs, eyes suffer, but problems can affect any part of the body. Sometimes the child has extra fingers. As a rule, the influence of the environment leads to such a pathology. Ecology is one of the factors. In addition, alcohol, cigarettes, antibiotics - these are also some of the causes of pathologies. It is not so difficult to give up bad habits, if you understand why this is done.

It also happens that pathologies arise really because of factors that cannot be influenced. And in such cases, modern medical care can help the baby, but the doctor should be ready for surgery immediately after birth. Therefore, do not forget about visits to your specialist, so that he conducts surveys, and if anything, you were ready for some unpleasant news. If you diagnose the problem in time, it will turn out not only to alleviate the condition of the child, but also to cure him completely (in some cases).

Photo of a little boy

Hyperactiveness and hyperactivity

Injuries during childbirth, lack of oxygen during pregnancy, infection in the womb - all this leads to cerebral hypexcitability. The disease has certain symptoms that will allow you to recognize the problem immediately after childbirth. The child will have too weak muscles, there will be severe drowsiness, he will not want to eat. Such children are lethargic and do not cry. This pathology can be corrected in the first years of life. The doctor will be able to prescribe the desired type of treatment, for example, medication or physiotherapy, depending on the severity of the problem. In any case, mothers should not worry, since this disease is cured in most cases. The main thing is to notice symptoms in time and tell your pediatrician about them. Then he will conduct tests and prescribe treatment.

There is a similar pathology of newborns, which manifests itself, on the contrary, hyperactivity. Such children have a weak mental system, they are too tense, they often have trembling limbs, especially the chin. This problem is also easily solved in childhood, so you do not need to worry much. In all cases, you should consult a doctor and not self-medicate. After all, children have a fragile body, many are allergic at an early age, and you can only ruin the situation.

congenital pathologies of the newborn

Hypertension-hydrocephalic syndrome

If you notice that the child’s head is too big, the fontanel sticks out, there is a strong asymmetry between the two parts of the skull: brain and facial, then the child probably has hypertension-hydrocephalic syndrome. This pathology of premature infants sometimes occurs after successful delivery. The problem manifests itself in various ways. There are children who behave sluggishly and painfully, and there are those whose energy does not end. In severe cases, the baby may be slowed down.

history of newborn pathology

How to help a child with newborn pathologies

The most important thing is to diagnose the problem on time. Ideally, do this during pregnancy. If no problems were found, do not relax. Be careful not to miss any important symptoms of other pathologies of the newborn.

You can help your child with such problems only with one - early diagnosis and timely treatment. If you are not sure that after giving birth you can provide the best therapy for your baby, then it is better to refuse his birth.

pathology of newborn boys

How to behave during pregnancy?

Think of pregnancy as a holiday. This is a normal condition. Nausea and fatigue will pass over time, and you will feel great. Pay attention to the activity and movement of the baby. Most importantly, do not try to make a sacrifice of yourself, listen to your feelings, which should bring you joy and keep calm.

Do not start working at work too hard, do not take problems too seriously. Remember the health of your baby. Follow your daily routine and proper diet. Read on the Internet or in books how to behave during pregnancy. Take care of yourself and your baby.

Have more rest. Forget about your duties, or at least half of them. Let your husband or parents do the work for you. You should rest more, not in vain you feel a little tired.

Sleep more than 8 hours a day. Moreover, not by day, but by night. Do not waste your precious time watching another episode of a movie or cleaning. Finish your business tomorrow. Pay attention to the mattress on which you sleep. Get yourself a new, orthopedic. It follows the contours of the body and helps you protect your spine.

Do not overdo it at work. Remember that overtime, and especially physical work, is not worth it to spend all your strength. During pregnancy, your baby is important. Therefore, remember that you should not strain yourself too much. Otherwise, some of these diseases may occur. It is easier to take care of the entire gestation period in order to prevent congenital pathologies of newborns than to treat your baby from severe and serious problems after childbirth. Not all of the pathologies described are in principle treatable.



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