If you are an experienced master, it will be easy for you to make a plasterboard ceiling. So you can save money and acquire an important skill if you perform such work for the first time. Having mastered this matter, you can easily install slopes, sheathe walls with plasterboard or install piers. Drywall is popular today, almost no repairs can do without it.
If you notice that the base surface is in unsatisfactory condition before installation, it should be restored. It is important to make sure that the base is strong enough. Otherwise, you will need to do less work. When repairs are nevertheless required, sometimes a primer is sufficient. This will strengthen the top layer. If there are cracks, they should be puttied.
Preparation for work
Single-level gypsum plasterboard ceiling consists of many elements. This should include guide profiles. You will also have to purchase basic profiles. The first are attached to the wall and are located below the ceiling. They should run along the room around the perimeter. The carrier profiles, which are also called longitudinal, are inserted into them. Between them, you will need to install secondary profiles. Drywall sheets are fixed to these profiles. You will recognize them by bent edges, stiffeners and longitudinal corrugations.
The single-level plasterboard ceiling also consists of direct suspensions with a clamp, which are called universal. Most often, in such works, direct U-shaped suspensions are used, which are attached to the ceiling. The suspensions have holes in the sides. This allows you to fasten the profile to them at different heights and adjust it. You should also purchase connecting elements, namely dowels and anchors. With their help, suspensions and crabs are fixed to the ceiling.
Preparation of tools
A single-level drywall ceiling can be installed if your arsenal has:
- level ;
- tape measure;
- masking cord;
- triangle or square;
- fishing line;
- construction hacksaw;
More about preparation
Level is better use watermark. The drill must have the function of a hammer drill and have different nozzles. It will be needed for drilling and cutting holes for fixtures. In addition to the masking cord, you will need a pencil. For the final stage you should prepare:
- putty knife;
- construction knife;
- reinforcing tape;
- putty tank.
Algorithm of work
Once all the tools and materials have been prepared, installation can begin. At the first stage, you should decide how much the ceiling will be located below the base. A minimum of 10 cm can be donated, a standard lamp will take 9 cm. On the walls around the perimeter, markings should be made to install guide profiles. In all angles for this you need to measure the height of the room.
After choosing the lowest angle, you should mark the desired distance from the floor. Along the entire wall, you must designate the horizontal using the water level. The line can be beaten off with a masking cord at the designated points. On wall lines, drill holes for dowels. The distance between them should be 40 cm.
The next step is to fasten the guide profiles. When installing a single-level gypsum plasterboard ceiling, suspensions should be mounted in increments of 70 cm. Previously, parallel lines should be drawn by marking. The main profiles in the next step are inserted into the guides. The main profiles are attached to the suspensions. After that, they must be bent. In order to ensure evenness, you should pull the cord.
The main profiles need to fix the secondary. They are fixed in those places where sheets of drywall will dock with each other. This will allow you to get a metal grill, which will look like a single-level frame. When installing a single-level plasterboard ceiling, you will need to lay wires for wiring in the next step. It is important to make the grooves along which the cable will pass. They should be located in the wall and pass from the switch to the ceiling. Once the cable has been routed, you can wiring in the ceiling, leaving loose ends in the designated places. Now you can proceed to the next stage of installing drywall and attaching it to the frame.
Working with the skin
As soon as the metal frame of the single-level drywall ceiling is ready, drywall should be strengthened on it. This procedure is not easy. It can be divided into several stages. The first one is to cut the sheets with a hacksaw. The tool must be special and have fine teeth. You can replace it with a clerical knife.
When installing a single-level plasterboard ceiling, it is better to cut the canvas with a certain size. As an example, the parameters are 120 x 250 cm. The ends of the sheet should fall on the supporting frame lattices. Sheets should be laid on a flat surface. It could be a table. Along the level of drywall must be carried out with a knife on the front side. The sheet after this is shifted by an angle and breaks. Then you need to turn it over and cut the cardboard on the other side. After the cut, an edge is formed, it must be processed with a planer. It should not have kinks. All protruding edges must be cut with a knife.
Holes are cut out under the built-in lights. It is necessary to take care of where the ceiling sockets will be located. They are measured by determining the location on the sheet. Then you can markup and make holes with a drill with a nozzle. You can use a hacksaw. If pipes pass through the drywall, the diameter of the holes for them must be made 10 mm larger.
Algorithm for the work
After reviewing the photos of single-level drywall ceilings, you can understand what design you like more. But in any case, you need to follow the technology. The next step is to finish. The plates are attached to the frame in a longitudinal or transverse way. In the latter case, the sheets are fastened so that they are perpendicular to the supporting metal profiles. If you prefer longitudinal mounting, the sheets will be parallel to the main supporting profiles.
If there are additional gratings, the sheets are fixed from their angle in perpendicular directions. Otherwise, the mount is from the end or from the center. When installing a single-level ceiling made of drywall with a backlight, you will have to screw in the screws, stepping back from the edge of the sheet 10 mm. The screws should be perpendicular to the front surface of the canvas.
The fasteners are deepened so that its head does not pierce the cardboard and does not protrude above the front surface. They should fit approximately 10 mm into the metal frame. The length of the self-tapping screw should be selected in such a way as to take into account the thickness of the drywall sheathing. The distance from one self-tapping screw to another should be 150 mm or less. The value can be increased by 2 times if the cladding is repeated.
Screws are installed in the guide profile closer to the rear wall. The screw will not be able to bend the profile shelf inward. Cardboard should not be disheveled where the screws will be. If the fastener is deformed or was placed by mistake, it should be removed and a new one installed, 50 mm away from the unsuccessful fastening place.
Do-it-yourself one-level ceiling made of drywall, joints sheets you must place on the profile. Plates should not fit close to the walls. The gap is not recommended to be putty. It will be necessary to cover it with a ceiling corner. If the plates expand, this will avoid deformation of the ceiling.
When the plates are attached to the ceiling, you should seek help. Otherwise, you can use props. Plates are arranged horizontally. They are adjusted to each other and screwed to the frame with screws. Before installation, the sheets should be left in the room for two days. Then the material will get the right temperature and humidity.
When installing single-level plasterboard suspended ceilings, you will have to putty joints. You do not need to do this right away. It should wait 2 days. Then the joints are inspected for defects. If necessary, they should be eliminated. The surface is cleaned of dust. Better use reinforcing tape. She is laid in all joints. It will exclude cracking.
If expensive putty is used, only joints should be treated with it, after which the surface of the spray gun can be painted on fiberglass. When cheap putty is used, it covers the entire ceiling, then is painted with a roller. First you’ll need to clean the edges of the seam and moisten the surface. After that, fill the joints with putty, pressing the material with a spatula.
Now you can start applying the main layer of putty. Next, a reinforcing tape is laid and pressed into the material. It is important to eliminate the formation of air bubbles. The surface of the tape is covered with a layer of putty. After this, the material is left to dry completely. Joints must be sanded with sandpaper. Then a putty layer is applied and one more - a leveling layer. All this is left until dry. Irregularities are removed with sandpaper.
Choice of lighting devices
Installation of a layer of a single-level ceiling made of drywall is accompanied by the installation of lamps. Typically, point embedded devices are used. In this case, the lighting can be multi-position. It is better to purchase halogen lamps, the body of which will be metal, brass, glass or thermoplastic.
Unilevel and multilevel drywall ceilings are often installed, complemented by lamps with different shades. Thus, the body can be matte brass, polished, black chrome, which will make the ceiling even more attractive. If you will use the backlight in the background, it is better to purchase fluorescent lights.
Choosing halogen devices, you can increase the height of the ceiling. Using halogen lamps, which are light sources of warm tonality of the white spectrum, you can get lighting that will not distort the shades of the room. It is better not to touch the glass surface with your hands, as you can leave greasy spots. This will cause the glass of the bulb to melt at the point of contact. It is better to use a cloth glove or a clean cloth.
Gypsum plasterboard in a short time has turned from material that is not applicable for repair to one of the most common. False fireplaces, arches and columns are made from it. Today, this material is used for the installation of ceilings. It has many advantages, for example, relatively low weight.
With its help, you can install a ceiling system that will have a unique design. Another plus is that gypsum board can be used even by a novice. If he follows all the rules and recommendations, the ceiling will turn out to be beautiful.