Streptococcus in men is most often detected in a smear from the throat, nose or during a urinalysis. He acts as a normal inhabitant of the nasal cavity, mouth and intestines, in connection with this, the combination of its high titer with the clinical manifestation of an infectious disease plays diagnostic value.
Streptococcus agalactiae in men (or -other streptococcus agalactia) is a conditional pathogenic bacterium belonging to the group of hemolytic streptococci. Normally, this microscopic organism is present in the human body in small quantities, but does not cause disease and does not threaten health in any way.
The genus of streptococci today has over twenty species of bacteria. One part of these microscopic creatures are representatives of a healthy human microflora, and the other causes diseases. Bacteria themselves are microscopic in size, they are spherical in shape, they are stored in dust for quite a long time, they can tolerate low temperatures on various objects, and at a temperature of more than fifty-six degrees they die only after thirty minutes.
Causes of Streptococcus agalactiae in men
Streptococcal infection is caused by bacteria of this group, which are able to destroy red blood cells, causing an inflammatory process in the human body. Streptococcus agalactiae in men can be in trouble for exactly the same reasons as women.
To a large extent, everything, as a rule, directly depends on the hormonal background, as well as on the ability of the human body to resist infection. The main danger to human health during the development of streptococcal infection are poisons with toxins that are released by pathogens during reproduction. The causative agent can enter the male body in the following ways:
- Transmission of the parasite can occur when eating infected products.
- Penetration often occurs against the background of intimate contact. The sexual partner transmitting the infection may be a carrier or a patient. Streptococcus is able to actively multiply in the vagina of women, and with intimate contact, pathogens enter the genitals of men. Also, streptococci are able to multiply in the urethra.
- Alimentary way. Infection often occurs due to a violation of personal hygiene. Streptococci from the rectum enter the genitals.
- The causative agent can penetrate the body during a dental examination or surgery if these are carried out using tools that have not undergone the necessary disinfection.
- If the infection is the interlocutor is localized in the respiratory tract, you can get infected by kissing, sneezing or coughing the patient (saliva must get on the skin or in the respiratory tract of a healthy person).
- Everyday way. Streptococci are able to live for a long time on various surfaces. Therefore, you can become infected if you use the household items (dishes, towels, linen) of the patient.
The following biological materials are usually taken for analysis on Streptococcus agalactiae in men:
- A swab from the oropharynx (for diseases of the upper respiratory canals).
- A smear from the urethra (for pathologies of the genitourinary system).
- Examination of sputum from the nose.
- Taking a scraping of the skin surface (with the development of an erysipelatous disease).
The following studies are also conducted:
- Blood and urine donation.
- Biochemical blood test.
- Bacteriological culture.
- Ultrasound examination of the internal organs.
- Radiography of the lungs and electrocardiography.
Treatment of Streptococcus agalactiae in men reduces to the destruction of its source. The course of therapy for streptococcus, as a rule, is based on the use of antibiotics of the penicillin group, as well as drugs that strengthen the immune system. For the treatment period, it is recommended to eat properly, reducing physical activity, leading a healthy lifestyle and observing hygiene.
For the general treatment of Streptococcus agalactiae in men, “Benzylpenicillin”, “Phenoxymethylpenicillin”, “Amoxicillin”, “Augumentin” are used, Azithromycin, Cefuroxime, Ceftriaxone, Cefotaxime, Clarithromycin, and Erythromycin. In the framework of local therapy, “Bioparox”, “Shexoral” or “Chlorhexidine” are used. Any appointment is made by a doctor, self-medication is not recommended.
In order to strengthen the immune system and stimulate the body in case of an infectious disease, “Immunal”, “IRS-19”, “Imudon”, “Immunorix”, “Lizobact” are often prescribed. Ascorbic acid acts as a natural immunostimulant, a large amount of which is present in rosehip, lemon, kiwi, cranberries, sea buckthorn, currants, parsley, viburnum.
Restoring healthy intestinal microflora
When using antibacterial drugs, microflora, which is necessary for the normal functioning of the digestive system, is usually significantly inhibited. In order to restore it, prescribing probiotics is mandatory:
Detoxification of the body
In men, Streptococcus agalactiae group B (group B) is rarely detected. Basically, it is found in newborns, pregnant women and women in labor, causing severe diseases in all cases (especially in infants). Men can become infected by sexual contact. These bacteria poison the male body with various poisons and enzymes, which are products of their vital functions. These elements complicate the course of the disease, and also cause a considerable number of unpleasant manifestations.
To remove bacterial toxins from the body, you need to drink plenty of fluids (about three liters per day), rinse the oropharynx with a solution of furacilin, or a slightly saline solution is also suitable means. Of the drugs for removing pathogens from the body, Atoxil, Albumin, and Enterosgel can be distinguished.
The use of antibacterial drugs is sometimes accompanied by some allergic reactions. To prevent them from developing into a complication, they prescribe antihistamines:
- "Cetrin" and others.
In order to alleviate the symptoms in the presence of Streptococcus agalactiae in a smear in men, various drugs are prescribed (as indicated). If you experience nausea and vomiting, “Motilium”, “Pipolfen”, “Tserukal” are prescribed. At elevated temperatures, cool compresses are required on the forehead, on the neck or in the armpits. Among the drugs worth highlighting "Paracetamol", "Ibuprofen." With nasal congestion, the vasoconstrictor drugs Noxspray, Farmazolin and their analogues are suitable.
Norm Streptococcus agalactiae in men
The doctor gives the direction for microbiological culture and the study of the urogenital tract in men if there are symptoms of irritation in the urethra. Representatives of healthy male microflora are: streptococci, peptococci, micrococci, bacillary microorganisms, staphylococci and lactobacilli.
The number of each type of microorganism within the normal range can indicate the health of the urogenital male system. If the analysis showed that Streptococcus agalactiae is contained in an amount of 10 to 4 degrees CFU / ml - this is the norm. The appearance of pathogenic microscopic organisms or a significant increase in the number of any of the participants in the biocenosis reports a malfunction in the immune system or disease.
The smear is taken after special preparation with a sterile swab. It is delivered to the laboratory no later than two hours after the analysis was taken. The largest share in the normal composition of male microflora is peptococcus, which is also streptococcus, but does not have any pathogenic properties. As a result of the analysis, it can count the number of colony forming units to ten to the fifth degree of the total number of microscopic organisms.
The absence of pathogenic representatives of gonococcus, trichomonads in combination with the presence of normal representatives in acceptable proportions indicates the absence of dysbiosis and a good state of immunity.
What does Streptococcus agalactiae mean in a smear in men?
When a smear reports streptococcal infection
If streptococcus is found to be higher than normal in the smear, and against this background there is an additional symptomatology of irritation and suppuration, then it can be assumed that streptococcal infection has arisen in the body. The previously mentioned peptococci are analogues of lactobacilli in a normal female biocenosis. Peptococci in men also represent streptococci, which help to restore the body and maintain a normal level of acidity.
An increase in the number of streptococci of other species (including pathogens) reports the presence of an infection source or inflammatory process directly in the organ under investigation. The reasons for the occurrence of streptococcal agalactia in a smear from the urethra in men, as noted earlier, are weakened immunity, poor hygiene, sexual intercourse with a sick partner.
The development of foci of chronic infections in the body, such as pharyngitis, can provoke diseases that streptococcus causes in adults in various organs or systems. In particular, this can occur when immunity is weakened due to hypothermia, hypovitaminosis, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism.
A frivolous attitude to the choice of a sexual partner and personal hygiene often leads to the fact that streptococcus begins to multiply actively in the genitals of men and in the urethra. In this case, the patient’s smear will indicate streptococcus as the leading microorganism.
Antibacterial drugs kill not only pathogenic bacteria, but also beneficial ones. Therefore, the use of antibiotics during the treatment of infectious pathologies of any localization must be combined with probiotics, antifungal agents and prebiotics. Getting on the mucosa of the causative agent of genital infections also leads to impaired immunity, and at the same time to additional seeding with streptococci.
What does Streptococcus agalactiae in men 10 to 6 degrees mean? More on that later.
Why streptococcus appears in men in the urine
Normal content in the urine of Streptococcus agalactiae in men - 10 in 4 degrees CFU / ml. An increased concentration of bacteria in urine is detected in the presence of infection or due to incorrect collection of biological material. Considered pathogens actively begin to develop during periods of weakened immunity, while the patient is under stress or as a concomitant disease.
Such colonies are often localized within the intestines, throat or urogenital system. Streptococcus agalactiae in men’s urine in concentrations is detected in urinary tract pathologies that arise as a primary disease or are concomitant with other ailments. Thus, a high concentration of such bacteria in urinalysis can indicate the presence in men the body of streptococcal infection. The causative agent causes a number of serious diseases that affect many organs with systems. Ailments that are provoked by this microorganism cause discomfort to the patient. In some cases, they can even be life threatening.