The mode of newborns for some young mothers may seem like a complicated technique. In practice, the situation is much simpler. Subsequently, you will understand that in a certain daily routine there are only positive aspects for both the health of the newborn and the calm of the parents.
The day regimen of the newborn baby in the first month should be clearly created no matter what kind of feeding it is on. The correct daily routine teaches the baby to a competent change in the phase of sleep and wakefulness, teaches us to distinguish between day and night. Moreover, the mode helps the baby to avoid overwork. Remember that the correct daily routine is the key to the full development of the baby.
It is worth noting that the mode of life of a newborn child often depends on the emotions received during the day. A specific daily schedule minimizes this negative impact. When a baby performs the same procedures and rituals every day, he feels absolutely safe.
According to some studies and observations, it was found that children who have been accustomed to a specific daily routine from birth are the most calm and have a much better appetite.
Feeding regimes for newborns may vary slightly, as some babies can sleep 3 hours in a row, while others ask for food after 2 hours.
Modern pediatricians are not particularly categorical in relation to artificial feeding. The fact is that the child should eat in a timely manner, and if the mother does not have enough milk, then the baby is not to blame.
Most doctors involved in children's health recommend feeding their newborns every three hours. Thus, most of our parents and grandmothers fed their children. Sometimes I had to endure long screams for the sake of the cherished “discipline.”
I want to note that not everyone adheres to such a diet of a newborn baby. Moreover, on-demand feeding is gaining considerable popularity among young mothers. This technique implies that the baby receives food at the moment as soon as he “declares” his desire. Often, the number of feedings varies from 6 to 8 times during the daytime and about 2 times at night. The average amount of milk consumed is about 50–90 ml. It is common for children on artificial feeding to ask to eat much less often, since the mixture is much more nutritious, unlike mother's milk.
The average duration of feeding lasts from 15 minutes to 1.5 hours. Under no circumstances should this process be interrupted until the baby releases the breast or bottle on its own.
ImportantAmong young mothers, there is a fairly common mistake, which is overfeeding the baby. As a result, this can lead to constipation and regurgitation in the baby. In fact, the baby can be naughty not because he wants to eat, but simply wants his mother to shake it. Do not worry, every woman has a tendency to feel the desires of her child, so over time, mom will easily understand what her baby wants.
With regards to dosing a newborn with water, in this situation, parents should make this decision on their own. Dr. Komarovsky does not recommend offering water under the age of 6 months. It is justified by the fact that newborns are quite enough mother's milk. But it is important to understand that the mixture is quite satisfying and relatively thick, so dipping with water may be necessary.
Rest is an integral part of the newborn’s day regimen. In the first 2 weeks, it is common for baby to sleep almost all the time (about 18–20 hours a day), waking up exclusively for feeding. After 3 weeks, the waking period becomes longer.
The baby is interested in learning about the world around him: he can examine objects for a long time, falling into his field of vision, is able to respond to his mother’s voice and listen to various sounds.
What is the mode of a newborn baby in the first month of life? The periods of wakefulness after each feeding in a child are 15–20 minutes, after reaching 1 month they can be equal to 1 hour. These short periods of activity of the crumbs can be used for the development of the baby.
Do not forget that the sleep mode of a newborn child has a direct effect on the full development. Therefore, you should not overload the baby with games.
Before feeding, it is useful to lay the baby on her stomach. This is a great workout for neck and back strength. If after waking up the baby requires only food, then after he is satisfied, you can put the crumbs on the tummy, but not earlier than 30 minutes after the meal. Massage is usually carried out half an hour before feeding or 40 minutes after. This helps to avoid regurgitation.
A pediatrician or an experienced specialist can recommend a massage complex, and in the future physical therapy.
The regimen of newborns includes water procedures. It is necessary to organize swimming from the first days of life. The optimal time for water procedures is considered to be the evening time immediately before feeding and sleeping.
Babies should be bathed in a bathtub reserved exclusively for these purposes. Moms need to monitor the temperature of the water. The optimum temperature is considered to be 36–37 degrees. To determine whether the water is comfortable, you can use a special thermometer. They are sold in children's departments and pharmacies. After some time, parents will learn how to determine the water temperature from their own feelings, but this only comes with experience.
Before healing the umbilical wound, newborns should be bathed in boiled water. Some pediatricians recommend the use of decoctions of herbs (chamomile, celandine, succession). But it is important to remember that most of them can cause allergies, so you should use them as carefully as possible.
The regimen of a newborn child should include the time that he will spend outdoors. Moreover, fresh air is extremely beneficial for children. In the spring and summer, a little time is enough to be in the sun in order to recharge with vitamin D, which favorably affects the development of the child's body, and also prevents the appearance of rickets. In addition, children fall asleep well in the fresh air.
What should be considered before the walk?
- Pediatricians recommend starting a walk with the baby no earlier than on the 10th day after his birth. Moreover, this rule applies only to children who were born on time and are quite healthy.
- In winter, a walk should be about 10 minutes a day at an air temperature of at least -10 degrees. In summer, the duration of stay in the fresh air can be 20 minutes, but only if the street is not hotter than 30 degrees.
The first walks with the baby in the warm season (autumn, spring) should be 15 minutes a day. Then they can be gradually increased up to 2 hours, but only subject to good weather.
When buying a stroller, parents should pay attention to its design. Most modern models provide crumbs with reliable protection, so that a sweating baby does not get sick when a cold breeze appears.
Wash and change the diaper
These procedures cannot be carried out according to the schedule, since children do not tend to empty Scheduled. Moreover, young mothers should be aware that newborns who are breast-feeding may have stools after each feeding. It is necessary to wash the baby after each bowel movement.
Typically, the diaper changes before each feeding, as well as before bedtime, after sleep and before a walk. If you do not change the diapers in a timely manner, then the child will feel discomfort, which will negatively affect his behavior and well-being. Moreover, a prolonged stay in a wet diaper can cause diaper dermatitis and diaper rash.
Mode for a newborn baby by the clock
It is important to understand that all children are individual. If the child wants to sleep, then you should not wake him up strictly according to the schedule for the sake of discipline. Let's consider the optimal daily routine for the first month of life:
- Conducting hygiene procedures.
- First feeding.
- The baby is awake.
- The baby is awake.
- Feeding and wakefulness.
- Evening walk.
- Water procedures.
- Feeding before bedtime.
- Night sleep.
Feeding a newborn at night is carried out at the request of the baby. Parents should choose the time for such a schedule on their own, based on their employment and the general daily routine of the family. Moreover, adhering to strictly one time is sometimes impossible, so try to plan your time so that minor adjustments are allowed.
Do not let the baby get excited
A newborn baby’s monthly regimen is very important. But this is not enough. The fact is that the crumbs can easily change their usual daily routine due to external irritants. Therefore, try not to let the baby stay awake or be in a noisy and crowded environment. Getting a huge amount of emotions and information, the baby risks getting emotional excitement. In this regard, very often there are difficulties with falling asleep. Take care of your baby, provide him with a relaxed atmosphere for a good rest. Even if close relatives came, explain to them the possible consequences of their long gatherings.
The regime of a newborn baby in the first month of life must be strictly observed. It is impossible for the baby to sleep constantly during the day, and regularly “arrange concerts” in the middle of the night. And also do not forcefully put the child to bed if at the moment he wants to stay awake. If you cannot get your baby in the evening, then you may not have walks in the evening before bedtime. Children sleep soundly in the fresh air, so you can safely go for a walk for half an hour - an hour before a night's sleep according to your daily routine.
In order for the crumb to realize the onset of morning, you should try at the same time to perform morning hygiene procedures. You can use a cotton swab dipped in warm boiled water. As soon as the baby wakes up, wipe his face. Then you can do hygiene of the ears and nose. Places prone to diaper rash, spread with baby cream. If you perform the same actions in the morning every day, the baby will soon begin to immediately realize that it is morning.
During night feedings, do not turn on the bright light or talk loudly. The room should have a nightlight with dim light for such an occasion. After feeding, the baby can be shaken slightly, but this is not necessary if you see that the baby is already sleeping soundly.
Daily rituals are very helpful when falling asleep at night. You can use a calm melody. Such a change of scenery will help your baby catch the connection between a change of scenery and sleep. Moreover, quiet music helps your child fall asleep. Mommy can sing a lullaby.
Parents should understand that in the first month of life, crumbs can be difficult to follow, but you must try to do it. Then the result will not be long in coming. Soon you will realize that your efforts have not passed, and the baby will go to bed at the strictly allotted time for this action. In addition, parents will be able to find free time for themselves.
Violation of the schedule
Sometimes, despite all the knowledge on how to establish a regimen for a newborn child, parents still encounter difficulties. The baby can constantly ask for breasts, not sleep at night, and during walks cry loudly in a stroller. Do not panic, you should figure out the reason for this behavior of the child.
In order for the baby to be actively awake, and then go to bed, you should make sure that he is full. Sometimes babies do not have enough milk due to improper capture of the mother's nipple. You may have chosen an uncomfortable or incorrect feeding position. In both cases, the baby cannot get the required amount of milk, so he simply sucks the breast, then gets tired of this process and falls asleep. In some cases, the kids are naughty or cry loudly. Mom can get the skills to properly attach the newborn to her breast in the maternity hospital, as well as with the help of the patronage nurse from the children's clinic at the place of residence.
It happens that the baby sucks well, gets enough milk, but during feeding throws a nipple and begins to cry loudly. This happens when the baby swallows a large amount of air during feeding. This is not a good sign, since such a phenomenon causes a feeling of bursting and heaviness inside the tummy. To prevent this from happening, parents should hold the crumb in an upright position for about 5-7 minutes. During this time, excess air will come out of the tummy, and the baby will be able to sleep sweetly.
For the development of the baby, a full sleep plays the same significant role as nutrition. It is important to understand that after awakening the baby should wake up rested and in good mood.
Particular attention should be paid to the temperature regime in the room. If the baby is cold or hot, he can sleep very restlessly. The optimum temperature in the room where the child is located is considered to be 20-22 degrees.
Feel free to talk about all the problems that arise with the baby, with a pediatrician and a neurologist. Most of them can be eliminated in the early stages of the development of the baby. Moreover, a pediatrician is able to advise you on any issues related to the health and development of the child.