The temperature and diarrhea in a child of 2 years: possible causes, first aid and treatment

31.08.2019 Baby
The temperature and diarrhea in a child of 2 years: possible causes, first aid and treatment

Temperature and diarrhea in a 2-year-old child are a dangerous combination of symptoms. Diarrhea in babies in their first years of life can lead to severe dehydration. Therefore, parents are strictly not allowed to self-medicate. Timely assistance will provide an opportunity to save the life of a child.

If a two-year-old child has temperature and diarrhea, this may indicate various pathological processes in the body. Consider the most common options.

Dysbacteriosis

In a healthy two-year-old child, intestinal microflora is 85% represented by bifidobacteria. If the composition of the flora changes, dysbiosis develops. The pathological process is manifested by belching, abdominal pain, nausea and diarrhea. Statistics show that such a disorder occurs in 25% of patients under three years of age.

The child’s stomach hurts

The reasons that lead to the development of dysbiosis in babies is very diverse. Violation of the intestinal microflora in a child may be associated with complications of pregnancy in the mother. The risk of developing pathology increases if a woman does not eat properly during gestation, and does not give up smoking. Dysbacteriosis often develops in premature babies.

Acquired dysbiosis in children of two years old can develop against the background of poor nutrition, as well as prolonged treatment with antibacterial drugs.

What should I do?

If the child is diagnosed "Dysbiosis", first of all, parents should pay attention to nutrition. Sour-milk products must be included in the diet. The consumption of animal proteins, sugar, fast carbohydrates must be limited. With complicated dysbiosis, when there is a temperature and diarrhea in a child of 2 years old, it is not possible to do without medications. Probiotics help normalize the intestinal flora. If such therapy is ineffective, antibacterial drugs from the group of macrolides, cephalosporins can be prescribed.

In rare cases, candidal dysbiosis is detected in children. Treatment is with antifungal drugs. Vitamin therapy and spa treatment are often indicated for sick babies.

A woman should pay attention to the prevention of dysbiosis in a child at the stage of pregnancy. You need to eat right, avoid stressful situations, have a good rest. It will be possible to avoid intestinal problems with early application of the newborn to the breast.

Parasites in a child

Temperature, diarrhea and vomiting in a 2-year-old child can be associated with the development of a parasitic disease. One of the most common helminth infections in babies is ascariasis. The pathological process develops due to the ingestion of roundworm eggs. Infection is carried out by the fecal-oral route by swallowing ascaris eggs. The greatest risk of infection occurs in the summer and autumn. The disease provokes a lack of quality hygiene. After contact with land or plants, children put their hands in their mouths, swallow the eggs of the parasites.

At the initial stage, ascariasis can proceed without symptoms. Temperature, diarrhea, vomiting in a 2-year-old child - all these signs indicate that a large number of parasites are present in the body. In addition, symptoms such as sternum pain, dry cough, allergic reactions (itching and skin rashes) can occur.

Enterobiosis is another common helminth disease. The pathological process is caused by small roundworms that enter the body and multiply in the intestines. The main manifestations of the pathological process are diarrhea, itching of the perineum, abdominal pain.

How to get rid of parasites

When detecting worms in a child, anthelmintic drugs are primarily used (Nemozol, Veromox "," Pirantel "). The dosage is determined by the doctor in accordance with the form and stage of the disease. Treatment should be carried out not only for the child, but also for relatives who are in contact with him.

The condition for successful elimination of helminths from the body is the correct nutrition and personal hygiene. During therapy, the baby needs to change underwear and bedding daily. Before eating and after using the toilet, wash your hands thoroughly with soap.

Food poisoning

If a child has diarrhea, fever, and stomach ache, these symptoms may indicate food poisoning. The pathological process is caused by the use of low-quality products. Unpleasant symptoms cause toxins secreted by pathogens. Poisoning can also be caused by poisonous plants or fungi.

Due to the rapid multiplication of pathogens, inflammation and intoxication develop in the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to abdominal pain, the baby may experience severe vomiting. This condition threatens dehydration, help the child should be provided immediately.

The most dangerous is mushroom poisoning. The first symptoms appear within 30-40 minutes after ingestion of the product inside. The baby becomes tearful, his coordination of movements is disturbed. The life of a small patient depends on the correct first aid.

Help with food poisoning

gh fever and diarrhea in a child are symptoms that need to be called an ambulance. Even before the arrival of doctors, it is necessary to try to compensate for the fluid and salt lost by the body. A two-year-old child should be given a teaspoon of clean water every 5-10 minutes. The salt balance will help restore the Rehydron preparation.

In a medical facility, a small patient is given gastric lavage, enterosorbents are prescribed (" Microsorb ", Smecta, Activated Carbon). Sparing diet is of great importance. After alleviating the condition, the child can be given rice porridge or mashed potatoes cooked in water, a boiled egg, biscuit cookies. It is necessary to observe the drinking regimen. Tea, dried fruit compote, simple boiled water will help restore the state of the gastrointestinal tract after poisoning.

Particular attention should be paid to prevention. The baby needs to wash his hands thoroughly before eating, give him only quality products that are stored in the refrigerator for no more than two days.

Acetonomic syndrome

If symptoms such as diarrhea, fever, vomiting are observed in a child, the cause may be related to the development of acetone syndrome. The pathology is due to a violation of metabolic processes in the baby's body and the accumulation of ketone bodies in the blood. The pathological process is manifested by repeated vomiting, diarrhea, a specific smell of acetone from the mouth. 5% of children aged 1 to 12 are prone to the development of such a disease.

Acetonomic syndrome can be a consequence of diabetes mellitus, brain tumors, and toxic liver damage. The pathological process often develops against the background of prolonged fasting. If there is diarrhea and a temperature of 38 in a child, it is strictly forbidden to engage in self-medication. The condition of a small patient may worsen.

Treatment tactics

If a child has diarrhea and fever, treatment should not be postponed. Babies with acetone syndrome are subject to hospitalization. Be sure to carry out dietary correction. Nutrition should be based on fast-digesting carbohydrates and heavy fractional drinking. It is necessary to completely abandon animal fats. To neutralize part of the ketone bodies, enemas are performed with a solution of sodium bicarbonate. If severe dehydration is observed, infusion therapy is performed. A 5% glucose solution is injected with a dropper.

At the doctor’s appointment

Symptomatic therapy includes the use of antispasmodics, antiemetics, sedatives. If the therapy is performed correctly, the acetone crisis can be stopped in 3-5 days.

A child who has already experienced acetone syndrome has been shown prophylactic multivitamins. To control ketone bodies in the body, you can independently examine the child’s urine using special test strips (available at any pharmacy).

Rotavirus infection

Temperature and diarrhea in a 2-year-old child - from Of these symptoms, rotavirus infection most often begins. This is an acute disease that occurs mainly with damage to the gastrointestinal tract. The pathological process can develop in any age period. But more often, unpleasant symptoms are observed in babies up to 3 years old, who strive to “taste everything”. Rotavirus is a disease of dirty hands.

The incubation period of an infection can last from several hours to 5 days. Symptoms, as a rule, develop rapidly. The kid becomes lethargic, drowsy, there may be a violation of coordination of movements. Within a few hours, the child develops a fever, severe vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain appear. For rotavirus infection, abundant foamy stools of yellow or green color are characteristic. The frequency of bowel movements can reach 20 times a day. The risk of dehydration increases.

Treatment of rotavirus infection in children

If vomiting, temperature and diarrhea are observed in a child, how to treat the disease correctly can only be suggested by a qualified specialist. When the described symptoms appear, you need to call an ambulance. Children with severe rotavirus infection (repeated vomiting and diarrhea) are subject to hospitalization.

The treatment is aimed at restoring the water-salt balance in the body, normalizing the gastrointestinal tract. Rehydration therapy is mandatory. The drug "Regidron" can be used. In addition, antispasmodics and antipyretic drugs are prescribed. Enterosorbents (Enterosgel, Atoxil, Activated Carbon) help speed up the process of eliminating toxins from the body. Probiotics (lactobacilli, bifidobacteria) help restore intestinal microflora.

The prognosis for rotavirus infection is generally favorable. The sooner parents seek qualified help, the faster they will be able to alleviate the condition of the child. Incorrect therapy at home can lead to dehydration of the baby's body, and this is already fraught with death.

Meningitis

If diarrhea and fever occur in a 2-year-old child, many parents first start treat intestinal infection. In this case, correct diagnosis is of great importance. After all, the described symptoms can develop with other diseases. One of the most dangerous is meningitis. This is an infectious and inflammatory process affecting the meninges. At the initial stage of the disease, the child develops symptoms of general intoxication of the body, then vomiting, diarrhea appears. A small patient refuses food and drink, he has tachycardia.

Various pathogenic microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi) can cause meningitis in children. A potential source of infection is a sick person. The pathogenic microflora is transmitted by airborne or household routes.

The child eats

Suspicion of child meningitis is an absolute indication for hospitalization. The child is shown bed rest and absolute rest. The method of therapy is selected in accordance with the type of pathogen. Antibiotics or antiviral drugs are prescribed. To remove toxins from the body, a dropwise injection of glucose-salt solutions is performed.

Conclusion

Symptoms such as temperature and diarrhea in a 2-year-old child can appear in various pathological processes. It is important to understand that such a condition is fraught with dehydration of the child's body. It is strictly forbidden to engage in self-medication. Proper therapy will be prescribed only by a qualified specialist.

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